patriotism, n. : Oxford English Dictionary

1791   J. Boswell Life Johnson anno 1775 I. 478   [Johnson:] Patriotism is the last refuge of a scoundrel.

via patriotism, n. : Oxford English Dictionary.


Love this quote. Yay for scoundrels!


Book Review: London: The Novel

London: The NovelLondon: The Novel by Edward Rutherfurd
My rating: 3 of 5 stars

I wish we could choose half stars, for I would actually rate this 2 1/2 stars. Better than OK, but I wouldn’t go full on with an “I liked it.” The idea behind the book (following the history of London through the experiences of a few particular families) was an interesting one in the early part of the book, but I found I was less interested as it went on. I felt that Rutherfurd worked too hard to explain some aspect of London’s history (for example, cockney rhyming slang) and that made the book awkward at moments. I also found that I was distracted by who all the families were – by the end of the book there were so many different families who were all somehow interconnected, but it was hard to figure out who was who and to which branch of what family they were related. It became repetitive after a while, although I do feel as if there were some parts of the story that got too much attention while others got short shrift. I was also hoping for a greater story arc – one that followed the characters from the beginning all the way through until the end, and it was not there at all. It was almost as if each different period were its own separate novella that had been incorporated into this mammoth book.

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This is not the time period you are looking for…

I’ve often wondered if perhaps I had been born in the wrong time – the wrong century.  This begs the question, of course, when do I think I should have been born?  That, my friend, is a sticky wicket, for there are several choices.

The Middle Ages, England

Well, sure.  It’s just like a Renaissance festival, only with a bit more plague, right?  Alas, no.  Much worse, and given my distaste for camping, I’m willing to go out on a limb that I would find most accommodations incommodious, if you will.  Not to mention the fact that given the odds (and total lack of royalty in my background), I would most likely be a peasant.  The life of a peasant is not for me.  Plus there’s all the persecution and witch-hunting.  I probably wouldn’t know how to read and my future prospects would mostly depend on who the blacksmith’s son was.

Perhaps not.

How about…

Mid to late 19th century, London

Healthcare was a bit better – Louis Pasteur had developed the germ theory of disease, so less chance of dying there.  Serfdom had been abolished almost everywhere (even in Russia by 1861!), so I wouldn’t live that wretched life.  In fact, I might even be lucky enough to be born into a middle class family, so I might not have to work in a factory.  Victorians prided themselves on their rational thinking, so I probably wouldn’t have to worry about accusations of witchcraft.  Phew!

Except no suffrage.  And, frankly, I enjoy having the right to vote.  I like being able to have some (some!) say in who makes decisions about my life.  And there’s that pesky education thing again.  It would be unlikely that I’d have a higher education.  And middle class women were expected to remain in the home.  In London?!  How boring – what with all that London had (and has) to offer, shouldn’t I have the chance to explore?  What do you mean it’s not safe?  Jack the Ripper, Shmack the ripper.  What, no? Stay in the house, huh?


Ok, so how about the 20th century?  Well, if we’re making our way closer to the present, then why wouldn’t I want to live in a time period where I have access to technology, education, the right to vote, freedom of choice…

I kind of feel a bit like Donald Duck at the end of “Der Fuehrer’s Face.” (starting at about 7.16)

Oh, it’s good to be in the good old 21st century…

So, how about a time machine, then?  I could certainly visit.

Go see this movie! Now!

I went to see The King’s Speech this morning.  If you haven’t yet had the chance to see it, you absolutely should, especially if British history is something you enjoy.  If not, then go for the performances.  Colin Firth, Guy Pearce, Helena Bonham-Carter and Geoffrey Rush are all wonderful.  It’s a great pleasure to watch them at work, and it’s a nice break to see HB-C do something other than barking mad Death Eater.

Whenever I see historical films like this one, I immediately want to know more about the topic (good habit for a history teacher to have, no?).  When I saw The Queen, I read up as much as I could on Elizabeth II (and found much about her to admire).  It was the same with Young Victoria, and with Mongol: The Rise of Genghis Khan.  (All of these films were wonderful, and if you haven’t seen these either, you should.)  The King’s Speech was no exception.

Rather than reading up more about George VI (which I will do later, I assure you), I was actually more interested in learning about Edward VIII and his abdication.  The film does a fair job at explaining why the abdication had to happen, but I wanted to know more.  What intrigued me was this:  What was the problem with Wallis Simpson?

It didn’t seem to be that she was an American (although that can’t have been in her favor, either).  Nor was it that she was a commoner (the wife of George VI and the future Queen Mum of Elizabeth II was a commoner, as was one of Henry VIII’s wives).

No, the problem seemed to be her divorces.  If the King married someone who had been divorced, it would raise questions about his relationship with the Church of England.  Remember that the king was also head of the Church.  Interesting, though, isn’t it?  If you go way, way, way back in history, you’ll find that Henry II’s wife Eleanor of Aquitaine was a divorcee.  So it’s not as if it were without precedent.  And of course, it brings to mind this question:

Isn’t this a tad hypocritical? Really?  Wasn’t the Church of England created because the King himself (old Henry VIII) wanted a divorce?  He ended up being twice divorced, not to mention thrice widowed (although, I suppose technically, only two of those were his fault.  Poor Jane Seymour died because doctors never washed their hands.  Yeeeccch.)

It does seem to me that perhaps this issue of Wallis Simpson (and on another note, really, Wallis?  What a horrid name.  The poor woman.) was about more than just the fact that she was a divorcee.

The biggest problem, of course, was how Mrs. Simpson was perceived by the people.  She was still married when she began seeing the future Edward VIII (called David by family), and therefore was considered an adulteress.  More importantly, should Edward insist upon marrying her, it was likely that the government would resign.  They had the power to approve who the king would marry, and they most certainly did not approve.

In America, I know that the entire episode is looked upon as being terribly romantic.  He gave up the throne for her, after all.  That he would give up so much to be with her is quite the gesture.   In Britain, I’m not sure how it was perceived after the fact, though most likely their attention was diverted by the looming presence of World War II.  Interesting to note, by the way, that Edward was quite the Nazi sympathizer, which makes one wonder if perhaps there was not a deeper, more political reason for his abdication.  A Britain under the rule of a king who had visited Germany as a personal guest of Adolf Hitler and apparently did not believe that the war against Hitler could be won would be a very different place today, indeed*.

I leave you with a video from YouTube of the audio Edward’s abdication speech with static images of the former king.


*See Erickson, Carolly. Royal Panoply: Brief Lives of the English Monarchs. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2006.